What Does a Roofer Do?

Roofer West Chester PA repairs and installs the covers that protect buildings from elements like rain, snow, sunlight, and wind. They skillfully use a variety of materials, from traditional shingles to metal.


Roofers and shinglers generally undergo an apprenticeship that includes both classroom studies and on-the-job training. They may also complete technical training and exams.

A roofer is a skilled tradesperson who professionally builds, repairs, and replaces roofing materials to safeguard structures from weather elements such as rain, snow, and sunlight. They also help safeguard structural integrity and energy efficiency by keeping water out and heat in. This role requires a wide range of skills and knowledge, including safety procedures for working at heights.

Typical job duties for a roofer include tearing off old roof materials, repairing and replacing the sheathing of a structure’s roof, installing the new roof materials, and flashing and sealing the joints between shingles or other roofing materials. They may be responsible for the installation of skylight windows and cladding, as well as repairing and resealing lead sheeting and guttering. They also need to be able to sand, paint, and stain as required.

To carry out these tasks, a roofer needs to have a good level of physical fitness and be comfortable working at heights. In order to work safely, they need to wear the appropriate protective clothing and follow all relevant health and safety guidelines. They also need to have excellent customer service skills, as they often work on private property and will be interacting with customers regularly.

A good roofer will be familiar with the different types of roofing materials available, including shingle, tile, and slate. They should be able to advise customers on the best materials for their project and provide cost estimates for both installation and repair. They should also be able to work as part of a team and collaborate with other construction professionals.

In addition to their technical skills, a roofer must be able to follow the instructions of the foreman or supervisor on site and ensure that all work is carried out correctly. This includes completing a risk assessment for each job, following site instructions, and taking all necessary precautions when working at heights.

They will also need to prepare the roof area before applying the new roofing material. This can involve removing any existing roofing materials and clearing the area of debris and trash. During the installation process, they will need to use a variety of hand tools and power tools, such as blow torches, hammers, shears, and tin snips. They will also need to set up scaffolding and ladders, as well as planks for walking on or holding materials.

Education and training requirements

Roofers are essential to keeping homes, hospitals, and businesses protected. They install new roofing and repair existing roofing. They must be able to climb to high levels to perform their work, and they are usually required to wear safety gear. They must also be able to meet deadlines. This is a fast-paced career, and it is important that they can communicate clearly with their crews and clients.

The education and training requirements for a roofer vary depending on the state. Some states require certification and insurance before working on a roof. Others only require a high school diploma. Some people choose to attend trade school to learn the skills needed for this job. However, many people learn on the job by working as helpers for experienced roofers. They begin by learning basic tasks such as laying material and carrying equipment. They then move on to more difficult projects as they gain experience.

Some people also choose to take apprenticeships offered by construction companies and unions. These programs often last three years and combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction. They cover topics such as the history of roofing, tools and materials, blueprint reading, building codes, and safety procedures. They also provide hands-on experience with different types of roofs and roofing materials.

Regardless of the method of training, a roofer must be able to follow instructions and work under pressure. They must also be able to identify problems and find solutions quickly. They must also be able to read and write. They may be required to perform inspections and submit reports on their work.

In addition to these qualifications, a roofer must be able to tolerate extreme weather conditions. They must be able to work outdoors when it is raining or snowing, and they must be able to work in hot or cold temperatures. They must also be able to use hand and power tools, as well as operate large vehicles.

Despite the demanding nature of the job, roofers enjoy a high salary. This is because they are responsible for protecting the valuable contents inside buildings from water damage and other hazards.


Roofers earn an average salary of $33,500 per year. This includes taxable wages, tips, and bonuses. Those who wish to increase their pay can take steps such as changing jobs or taking on more work. Those with advanced degrees can also earn more by overseeing other roofers.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of jobs for roofers will grow by 2 percent between now and 2029. This is slower than the average growth rate for all occupations. However, areas with severe storms will need more workers to repair damaged roofing, and building construction should increase as well. Most roofers are employed full-time, and even in climates with a long offseason, employers may keep them on to train and help prepare for the busy season.

Typical duties and responsibilities of the roofer include carrying out roofing works on domestic properties, general building duties, liaising with customers, the responsive repairs manager and supervisory staff, customer services staff, and a multi-trade workforce to ensure consistency of approach, and advising tenants on building-related matters.

Margarita Grimm